Water Damage On Wall, discovering a mysterious leak is nerve-wracking. There is no means to know the intensity of the issue or damage being made until you locate and rebuild the cause.
If you think there is leakage inside a wall, don’t lose it. Without extensive maintenance or shelling out for an overhaul, you may be better focused on it.
Without seeing the foundation wall, it will be difficult to determine the exact cause of the water intrusion that caused the Water Damage On the Wall. The foundation wall may be partially visible from the outside, but only for a short distance above grade.
Taking off the wall coverings and insulation is the only way to get a good idea of the condition of the foundation wall.
If there have been several seepage incidents, the wall covering may be damaged and will need to be replaced anyway. The removal of moisture-damaged sections, particularly drywall, is critical to preventing mold growth.
Determine the Source of the Leak
Pinholes in your plumbing system or tiny failures in caulking or other exterior components are common causes of water leaks.
Water will often move along the framework in the walls since it is the quickest route to the ground.
If you’re not sure, use a moisture meter to check if your home’s moisture levels are normal, and an infrared camera to look for leaks behind walls and ceilings.
Turn off all water-using faucets and appliances in your home, and write down the number to check the water meter and see if there is a leak caused by faulty plumbing.
Recheck the water meter after at least three hours. If the amount of water utilized rises, it’s likely that the leak is caused by indoor plumbing.
This strategy is less effective in homes with continually running toilets or dripping faucets, and your water meter will show a slight rise from the original value you wrote down.
Exterior Above Grade Problems
If the problem isn’t with the plumbing inside, move the inspection outside. Examine the flashing on exterior penetrations such as vents, chimneys, windows, and doors for blocked gutters, downspouts, and compromised caulking.
Exterior Below Grade Problems
You may have exterior below-grade difficulties if your leak is coming through at the lower level. Broken sprinkler pipes, incorrect drainage from downspouts, trench drains, or grading that slopes toward the home are all common sources of this type of leak.
Resolve The Leak
If your investigation was successful, you now know where the leak is coming from. It’s time to start working on the repairs.
Plumbing on the Inside
If you discovered your water leak inside the wall, you have a problem that requires more than a simple plumbing repair, and it may be time to call in the professionals.
They’d cut the wall open, figure out where the leak was, and replace the damaged sections.
Then sand, prime, and paint the wall. A professional contractor is your best bet if you have plaster or if the leak is hidden behind tile or brick.
Above-Grade Exterior Leaks
Clogged Gutters and Downspouts: Gutters and downspouts should be cleaned and debris-free at least once a year.
Even if you have gutter guards installed, conduct regular inspections to ensure that water flows freely through the system and is diverted away from the house.
- Begin by scraping away the old caulking.
- Check that you have the right kind; this is usually butyl-rubber caulk for exterior projects.
- Cut the tube open, load the caulk gun, and apply in a slow, consistent motion at a 45-degree angle.
Flashing: A metal barrier installed where the roof meets any vertical wall, such as chimneys, skylights, or roof vents, is flashing.
Base, step, and counter flashing are the three main types. A chimney employs all three types to prevent water from entering your home through the roof.
Exterior Below-Grade Water Leaks
These are frequently the most difficult to diagnose and repair.
Sprinkler System: This problem can be resolved by replacing a section of pipe in your sprinkler system.
Sprinkler repair should be handled by a sprinkler company rather than a plumber. Otherwise, compression couplings are the simplest method.
Downspouts: Water should be directed away from the house and foundation when it comes through the downspout.
Adjust the downspouts as needed, or buy extenders to get the water flowing in the right direction.
Grading should always be sloped away from the house. However, repairing the grading is not as simple as piling up dirt near the house’s foundation.
To prevent structural damage, you need six to eight inches of clearance between your siding and your home’s foundation.
Grading properly can necessitate permits and can frequently tear up your entire lawn. This is something to be left to a pro landscaper.
Basement Waterproofing: Your basement walls may require a full waterproofing system.
Waterproofing cannot be installed on one or more exterior walls of some homes due to driveways, decks, patios, or neighboring homes.
In these cases, the system can be relocated inside by trenching out the floor, installing floor drains, and installing a sump pump system to divert the water once it has entered.
Prevention Of Water Damage On Wall
To avoid future leaks, homes must be maintained on a regular basis. This has the added benefit of assisting you in detecting potential problems before they occur. Make certain that you do:
- Gutter and downspout cleaning
- Inspect the exterior caulking and replace it as needed.
- Once a year, blow out your sprinkler system (before winter in colder areas)
- Check your sump pump.
- Any missing roof shingles should be replaced.
- You can, in addition to routine maintenance, do the following:
- When possible, use pex piping.
- Install a battery backup for your sump pump.
- Pay scrutiny to the sewerage patterns around the household. Shield pipes on external walls in colder environments.
- Maintain a water pressure of 40-60 PSI.