Loquat is an evergreen tree of Rosaceae, native to China and mainly distributed in the provinces south of the Yangtze River, is a rare and rare tree species in the south
Loquat matures from spring to early summer, which coincides with the off-season of fresh fruit supply in the middle of the year. Early-maturing loquat is known as “the first fruit in early spring” in the south.
Loquat fruit color is orange-yellow, and the fruit meat is soft and juicy, with a unique flavor and is widely loved; moreover, the nutritional value of loquat fruit is also very
Loquat fruit is rich in calcium, phosphorus, VC, iron, and carrot slices, in which the content of carrot and phosphorus is higher than that of citrus, banana, and pineapple.
However, the early summer in the south is hot and wet, so it is not resistant to storage and transportation. Generally stored at room temperature for less than 20 days, it will lose water wrinkle or decay, thus losing its edible value.
Therefore, to achieve a high yield of loquat, realize long-distance transportation, increase economic benefit and do a good job of preservation, it is of great practical significance
The fruit is round to oval-shaped with a sweet, tart flavor, often described as pearlike
with a touch of pineapple and apricot. Loquats are delicious eaten raw or made into jelly, jam, sauce, compote, or wine.
Loquat pie is a real treat, too. Just be sure to remove the large seeds before cooking
the fleshy fruit.
‘Nagasakiwase,’ a Japanese variety with deep orange flesh and a good ratio of flesh to seed, is one of the earliest varieties to ripen and is deliciously sweet.
Or you might like to grow ‘Bessell Brown,’ with thick orange skin and firm, sunshine-yellow flesh. The fruit is big, but so are the seeds, and it has a lovely mild flavor.
With their large leaves and exotic-looking flowers and fruit, loquats make attractive feature trees or evergreen screens and bring a tropical feel to the garden.
GROWING LOQUAT TREES
Loquat trees are remarkably dry tolerant and may be grown in full sun or part shade in a wide range of climates.
Propagate by seed or grafting. They aren’t particularly fussy but, for best results, grow them in rich, well-drained, slightly acidic soil and dig in compost and organic matter
Trees are self-pollinating, so only one is required to produce a hefty crop of fruit. Plants cope with little water, but additional deep watering will improve growth and performance.
Feed with a complete organic fertilizer in peak growing season. On the downside, loquat is susceptible to Queensland fruit fly and can also become invasive in certain areas.
HARVESTING LOQUAT TREES
Loquats produce fruit somewhere between two and eight years of age. Grafted plant fruit earlier. Fruit generally ripens through spring.
You can distinguish ripe fruit from unripe fruit as the riper fruit is generally orange in color and softer to the touch.
Loquat fruit has no post-harvest ripening, so it is necessary to wait until the fruit is basically ripe before it can be collected.
With the prolongation of the storage period after harvest, the main sensory changes of Loquat were that the pulp became hard, the pericarp was difficult to peel, and gradually lost water, browned or even rotted.
Common name: Loquat, Japanese medlar, Chinese plum
Botanical name: Eriobotrya japonica
Aspect & soil: Sun; well-drained soil
Best climate: All areas
Habit: Evergreen shrub or tree
Propagation: Seed, cutting (more di cult), grafting